While discussing physical, mental, and emotional health, I did not discuss the causes for the derangement of health. I left that part because there is hardly any cause which affects one plane without affecting the others. Our mind and body are so closely integrated that when one is affected there are bound to be repercussions on the other. Let me give some examples to elaborate this. Even a small cut in your hand (physical plane) can make you worry (mental plane) about the bleeding or injury in general and can make you angry (emotional plane) with yourself that you were not careful enough. Again, mental anxiety (which often results from emotional problems) is a well known cause for peptic ulcers and hypertension. These are not isolated examples. Nearly every known disease, be it physical or psychological, can be associated with signs and symptoms on the other planes.
Samuel Soubeyrand, lui, est directeur de recherche de l'unité Biostatistique et Processus Spatiaux. Il pratique l'épidémiosurveillance, une méthode d'analyse mise en avant pendant la crise du SARS-CoV-2. “L'alerte sanitaire que la Chine aurait pu émettre à l'époque aurait certainement permis de déceler cette maladie émergente, désormais connue sous l'appellation de Covid-19. La bataille de la détection a été perdue”, déclare-t-il. “La gagner nous aurait permis d'anticiper l'épidémie, d'adapter les plans d'actions et de lutte sanitaire, ou encore d'initier des recherches de laboratoire spécifiques au SARS-CoV-2.” Pour détecter de manière précoce les potentielles épidémies futures, l'épidémiosurveillance repose sur deux leviers, d'après M. Soubeyrand : l'analyse des données métagénomiques des populations, et l'analyse des “autres” données, celles des réseaux sociaux, des recherches internet de symptômes, de la fréquentation des parkings hospitaliers, etc.
Technically speaking, our emotions are neuro-hormonal reactions occurring in response to some physical or mental stimulus, which in turn, affect our response to the same stimulus on the physical and mental plane. This may sound like a very unromantic explanation, but it is a fact. Emotions do not come from our heart, they are generated in our brain. All the emotions we feel – love, joy, hate, anger, sorrow etc. are nothing but some primitive algorithms that are processed to generate response on the physical and mental level.
« Que ce soit par transmission alimentaire (maladie de la vache folle, salmonelloses), par transmission vectorielle (fièvre du Nil occidental, fièvre de la vallée du Rift, encéphalites à tiques), ou encore par simple contact (rage), les possibilités de transmission interspécifique sont multiples et demandent une approche collaborative entre les secteurs de la santé animale et de la santé humaine pour prévenir et contrôler ces infections »4.
This course will introduce the student to the political, social, cultural and ethical issues involved in disease prevention and health promotion globally. Specific emphasis will be on incidence/prevalence, morbidity/mortality, and identified health problems in specific regions and countries. This course will also identify international health prerogatives aimed at improving health status through education and intervention.
L'agence française Anses a annoncé le 24 octobre 2017 qu'elle allait à partir de janvier 2018 coordonner l’EJP One Health. Ce projet conjoint européen de recherche portera sur les zoonoses alimentaires20. Il est centré sur les risques d'intoxication microbienne zoonotique d'origine alimentaire, y compris par des toxines naturelles et/ou via les réservoirs animaux domestiques ou encore via d'éventuelles importations illégales de produits animaux21. Les agents biologiques étudiés seront les virus, les bactéries, les parasites, les champignons, les prions et les séquences de nucléotides / matériel génétique conférant la résistance aux antimicrobiens21. Ce consortium issu d'un réseau européen préétabli (NoE, FP6) qui a été élargi à plus de 40 partenaires venant de 19 États-membres sera soutenu par la Commission européenne et travaillera autour du concept One Health. Ces partenaires doivent améliorer la connaissance des zoonoses alimentaires, de l'antibiorésistance et de divers risques émergents21. De 2004 à 2009, l'Anses avait déjà coordonné un réseau d’excellence dans le cadre du 6e programme cadre de recherche et de développement (PCRD) de la Commission européenne. Elle a aussi aidé à créer l'association Med-Vet-Net qui en regroupant des instituts de recherche en santé publique et vétérinaire a préfiguré l'EJP One Health20. Les partenaires font déjà partie d'une réseau organisé de communautés de chercheurs et de laboratoires de référence travaillant sur les zoonoses alimentaires, l'antibiorésistance et des risques émergents. Ce programme One Health doit produire des données destinées à mieux caractériser, évaluer et hiérarchiser les risques sanitaires par les agences nationales et européennes21. Il doit aussi faciliter et accélérer la validation et diffusion des données au sein de la communauté scientifique, faciliter l'éducation et la formation, la gestion des connaissances, l'accès aux bases de données, mais aussi aux souches vivantes, aux biobanques, à certaines installations encore expérimentales21. Le projet pourra aussi contribuer à harmoniser et standardiser certains protocoles et tests21, en lien avec deux institutions européennes pertinentes pour des domaines : l'EFSA et l'ECDC (European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control)21.
First, let me answer the second question. What kind of emotional response is generated depends on two factors – our subconscious mental awareness and, through social learning. Our subconscious mental awareness is probably a mental reflex action that comes without learning. For eg, a young child also shows reaction to anger and shouting. This is what is inherent in us. The second thing that affects our emotions is our learning. Through social learning we are taught the meaning of love, joy, hate, anger etc and we are taught to differentiate them.
While discussing physical, mental, and emotional health, I did not discuss the causes for the derangement of health. I left that part because there is hardly any cause which affects one plane without affecting the others. Our mind and body are so closely integrated that when one is affected there are bound to be repercussions on the other. Let me give some examples to elaborate this. Even a small cut in your hand (physical plane) can make you worry (mental plane) about the bleeding or injury in general and can make you angry (emotional plane) with yourself that you were not careful enough. Again, mental anxiety (which often results from emotional problems) is a well known cause for peptic ulcers and hypertension. These are not isolated examples. Nearly every known disease, be it physical or psychological, can be associated with signs and symptoms on the other planes.
Now I come back to the first question as to how ‘anger’ is generated. The moment somebody abuses you, your mind perceives it as a threat or offence based on its social learning. To counter this threat, the mind needs to prepare the body and itself for some reaction. Based on the perception of stimulus, some neuro-hormonal reactions are generated which create ’emotions’. What we perceive as ‘anger’ is the after result of that processing. Our mind generate negative thoughts towards the concerned person. The concentration level of mind increases and it is focused on the current situation. Our eyes become prominent. The winking rate decreases, muscles in face and the other parts of the body become tense in anticipation of further action.. In this state we say a person is ‘angry’. But this is the primary response occurring as a reflex phenomenon. There can be a secondary phenomenon like you can also hurl abuses or hit the person, or just walk away. This secondary reaction is based on the intensity of emotions and the integrity of the regulatory mechanisms in our brain.
These are some of the major factors. One factor that I have left and which is commonly considered a cause for illness is – bacteria, viruses, and parasites. What about these? Are they not a major cause of disease? Yes, they are a cause of disease – but not a major one. The ability of these microorganisms to make a person sick relies on two factors:
Technically speaking, our emotions are neuro-hormonal reactions occurring in response to some physical or mental stimulus, which in turn, affect our response to the same stimulus on the physical and mental plane. This may sound like a very unromantic explanation, but it is a fact. Emotions do not come from our heart, they are generated in our brain. All the emotions we feel – love, joy, hate, anger, sorrow etc. are nothing but some primitive algorithms that are processed to generate response on the physical and mental level.
3. Allopathic Drugs – Even allopaths say that allopathic drugs are one of the biggest cause of health problems today. Allopathic drugs not only have their side-effects, but their excessive use is decreasing the immunity level of our society at large. The pill-popping culture is an open invitation to chronic ailments. People keep suppressing their ailments and keep working until their body finally gives up.
4. Environmental factors – Increasing pollution of our air, water, and earth is a well known factor in the increasing level of many diseases. There is a high level of asthma and other allergic complaints in urban areas. Depleting ozone layer is a known factor in increasing rate of skin cancers. Noise pollution is a recognized factor in increasing anxiety and stress levels in our society.
1. Genes – Yes! our genes are one of the biggest factors in deciding the way in which our health gets deranged. They also decide which plane is affected the most in a particular person. Through ages, it is known to humanity that children tend to inherit their ‘mother’s nose’ or their ‘father’s eyes’. But what most of us do not realize is that children can also inherit the ‘father’s temperament’ or ‘mother’s thought process’.  And as children inherit the physical and mental makeup from their parents, they also inherit the tendencies and susceptibilities to acquire diseases. For example – it is a well known fact that conditions like obesity, hypertension, peptic ulcers, Crohn’s disease, diabetes, depression etc often run in families.
I have delved deep into the probable mechanism of emotions so that it becomes easy to understand how our emotional health can fail just as our physical health does. As the physiological reactions taking place in our liver or lungs can go awry, so can they go wrong at the emotional level. Our brain can produce too strong an emotional response for a small stimulus or it may produce a very weak response against a strong stimulus. The response may persist for too little a duration or too long a duration.
First, let me answer the second question. What kind of emotional response is generated depends on two factors – our subconscious mental awareness and, through social learning. Our subconscious mental awareness is probably a mental reflex action that comes without learning. For eg, a young child also shows reaction to anger and shouting. This is what is inherent in us. The second thing that affects our emotions is our learning. Through social learning we are taught the meaning of love, joy, hate, anger etc and we are taught to differentiate them.
“Le mouvement One Health (“une seule santé”), initié au début des années 2000, fait suite à la recrudescence et à l'émergence de maladies infectieuses, en raison notamment de la mondialisation des échanges. Le principe [de One Health] est simple : la protection de la santé de l'Homme passe par la santé de l'animal et celle de l'ensemble des écosystèmes”, peut-on lire sur le site de l'Inrae. Alors que nous traversons une période de pandémie mondiale, comme l'explique Philippe Mauguin, PDG de l'Inrae, il est important de rappeler que 60 % des maladies infectieuses humaines proviennent du monde animal : c'est la zoonose. De plus, 70 % de ces maladies nous sont transmises par les animaux sauvages. L'objectif de cet Institut qui a vu le jour en janvier 2020, au travers de One Health, est de démontrer le lien entre la dégradation de la biodiversité et l'émergence de ces nouvelles zoonoses. Pour cela, plusieurs départements et unités de recherche de l'Inrae consacrent leurs études aux facteurs de dégradation et des pressions imposées sur l'ensemble des écosystèmes. “La problématique des conséquences directes et indirectes de différents facteurs de l'environnement sur les santés [...] est un sujet de préoccupation pour l'Inrae”, explique Thierry Caquet, Directeur Scientifique-Environnement de l'Institut.
This understanding of the human being is why I like Homeopathy so much. And this is the reason why Homeopathy is so different from every other system of medicine. The dominant medical school still has to realize that just as the parts of a human body can not work in isolation, they also can not fall ill in isolation. There can not be a disturbed liver or a damaged lung unless and until there is a primary disturbance which affects the person as a whole. We can not forget that every part in our body and every cell in those parts has come from a single cell. A cell which had a life force of its own. How can any one dissociate the body parts which have all come from one single cell?
The program provides graduates with an advanced understanding of the public health sciences and skills that can be utilized in multiple career fields. The Program prepares individuals for careers in the field of public health, incorporating knowledge and skills that can be utilized in healthcare management, population-based research, and the community practice of public health. Students complete both didactic and experience-based courses, culminating in a community organization-based Practicum that provides students the ability to combine their classroom-based learning with "hands-on" public health projects. MPH is an applicable graduate degree for students from any discipline.
Fasting indeed has a long-standing spiritual tradition. "Almost every religion has some type of fasting ritual -- Lent, Ramadan, Yom Kippur ... the Hindus and Buddhists fast, too," says James Dillard, MD, assistant clinical professor at Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York City. He's author of Alternative Medicinefor Dummies.
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